Ethics Guideline

Amended on 02/11/2007

Editorial policy
Manuscripts submitted to the journal must represent reports of original research, and the original data must be available for review by the editor if necessary. By submission of a manuscript to the journal, the authors guarantee that they have the authority to publish the work and that the manuscript, or one with substantially the same content, was not published previously, is not being considered or published elsewhere. The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge.

Truth in Research
An author who conducts a research and presents its results and a reviewer who evaluates the research results shall carry out research activity transparent and sincere without doing any act against conscience as scholars

Data Management
An author shall confirm the ownership of data and authorization to use the data prior to collecting necessary data. In addition, an author must carry out the study with clear understanding on the obligation and right imposed upon the collection or disclosure of data. Data shall be collected and recorded through appropriated measures in reliable and valid manner and must be retained for a certain period of time for other researchers to verify results and assessable to be used as other purposes by publicly presenting the findings.

Presentation of Research Results
All of the research results shall be accurately reported with a thorough and reasonable explanation. An honest and transparent evaluation must be conducted to examine if research methods and researcher's opinions are adequately presented in the findings or results of the study.

Retention of Copyright
In principle, the copyright is given to the authors who made significant contributions in the research. However, the Society, the publisher of the journal and publications of symposiums, has the right of using the copyright in case the findings are used for the purpose of public interest such as education, and others.

Ethical consideration
Once accepted, the manuscripts are not allowed to be reproduced in part or whole material without the permission from the journal secretary. The articles are not allowed to be reproduced for commercial purpose without the permission from the journal society. Manuscript dealing with any experimental work on human or animal materials should meet the relevant regulations or requirements imposed by institutional or governmental authorities, and this should be clearly stated in the manuscript. Any unusual hazards inherent in the chemicals, equipment, and procedures used in an investigation should be clearly identified in the manuscript reporting the work.

Publication Ethics
For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in this instructions, International standards for editors and authors ( can be applied.

Order of Authors and Affiliation
For the space stating the authors, the order of authors shall be determined pursuant to the contribution made on the research upon the mutual consent among corresponding authors. In addition, the authors shall be able to explain the principles of such orders. In principle, the affiliation of the author is stated by the name of the institution at the time of the research conduct. However, when other customary practices are applied in other field, the author may state the affiliation in accordance with custom.

Responsibility of the Corresponding Author or Senior Author
The corresponding author or senior author shall take responsibility for accuracy of data, the list of all authors, approval for final draft of all authors, all of the exchanges and responses to questions, and others by representing co-researchers. In addition, the corresponding author must be fully aware of that mistakes and omissions made by himself/herself and co-researchers have a great influences in their careers.

Citation Principles of References
The author may cite the part of other researchers' study in his/her research paper as the original text or the translated version. The author shall take all possible measures to ensure the accuracy in stating sources and making the list of references.

Definition of Research Misconduct
The research misconduct is defined as the fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and other unfair activities generated in the process of designing, carrying out, reporting, and evaluating and assessing the research. "Fabrication" means reporting the research data or results, etc. that do not actually exist but have been fabricated. "Falsification" means manipulating research data or equipment and process or exhibiting research record inaccurately by deliberately changing or deleting research results. "Plagiarism" means using the entire of partial research ideas, processes, results, and etc. protected under copyright law of any other person without citing the appropriate sources and acknowledging the contribution of the founder of such findings. " Repeated publication" means publishing an identical or almost similar research in other journals two (2) or more times without stating the initial research contents that have been already presented to publishers or readers.

Types of Plagiarism
Types of plagiarism is classified as "idea plagiarism", "text plagiarism", copying a part from other persons' text without citing the source for the ideas of other authors, "mosaic plagiarism", combining a part of a text with a few words added, inserted, or replaced with synonyms, and others.

Prohibition of Distortion in References
Cited references shall only includes directly related references to the contents of research paper. The author shall not deliberately include irrelevant references for the purpose of intentionally increasing citation index of articles or journals and the probability of publication of the manuscript. The author shall not biasedly include only references favorable to data or theories of his/her articles. The author has ethical responsibility to cite references contradicting against his/her point of view.

Practices to Avoid
The following practices should be avoided including a practice of "honoring" author by listing unqualified authors who have made no contributions in publishing research papers as one the authors, practice of dividing a research into many studies only to increase the number of published articles, and practice of hastily publishing articles without review process.

Responsibilities and Obligations of the Publishing Committee
The Publishing Committee shall be responsible for all the decisions made on accepting submitted paper for publication in the journal of the Society and must secure sincerity in the review process, and manage and supervise the members of the Publishing Committee. The Publishing Committee shall respect the author as an independent scholar and fairly carry out the evaluation in accordance with submission regulations and the quality regardless of affiliated institute of the paper contributor. In cases where there is a request, the review process must be precisely publicized. The Publishing Committee must be equipped with sufficient knowledge in the respective field of submitted paper and shall request the review to the committee members possessing objective and fair evaluating ability. The Publishing Committee shall not disclose any confidential information such as the contents of the manuscript and personal information of the author to any third party including other reviewer until decision on acceptance for publication is made.

Procedures and Contents of Disciplinary Sanctions
In case where any disciplinary sanctions need to be taken, the chairman of the Committee shall convene the meeting and conclusively determine if disciplinary sanctions will be imposed or not and the forms of sanctions. Once the sanction is finalized, the member may be suspended or deprived from research paper submission and member's qualification and such measures may be informed or publicized to the subject or his/her affiliated institution and journals.

Revision of the Ethics Regulations
In case where revision of the ethics regulations is required, the amendment shall be prepared by the Board of Directors, deliberated to the Board of Executives, and decided by the resolution of the Advisory Council. Members who pledged to comply with the previous regulations shall be deemed to agree to comply with the amended regulations without additional pledge.